Smoking While Pregnant Increases Chances of Childhood Conduct Issues
Smoking while pregnant has long been known to be the cause of numerous developmental disorders and complications, but it may also have more subtle effects on the children born. Researchers involved in three separate studies have found that women who smoke during pregnancy may also be increasing their children’s’ chances of conduct problems from an early age.
One study from the University of Leicester in England found that children whose mother smoked while pregnant had higher average scores of conduct problems compared to those whose birth mothers did not. The results were the same, even when children with a mother who smoked while pregnant were raised by adoptive parents.
The other two studies focused exclusively on children raised by their biological mothers, but also found a positive correlation between the number of cigarettes smoked per day and the conduct problem scores among genetically related children. The studies were published in JAMA Psychiatry.
MedPage Today broke down all of the studies in detail, but it is suffice to say smoking while pregnant raises the risk of serious issues in your child, and should absolutely be avoided.