Every year, around 6,000 to 7,000 women living with AIDS(HIV) give birth. Approximately 15,000 children in the United States have contracted the virus and about 3,000 have died. 90 percent contracted the virus from their mothers during pregnancy or birth. (http://www.marchofdimes.com/professionals/681_1223.asp)
Many diseases and viruses can be passed on to children during pregnancy and at birth or are hereditary. The before mentioned AIDS virus, heart disease, multiple sclerosis, tuberculosis, pre-eclampsia, among others. Now, a new study by Dr. Sheila M. Marcus, M.D., of the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor states that babies born to women with untreated major depressive disorder had significant changes in neurobehavioral function, were born at an earlier gestational age, and had elevated stress hormones.
While some evidence has suggested that the medications used to treat depression, such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), may have a negative prenatal impact, the issue is still unclear and little study has been done on the effect of untreated depression during pregnancy, Dr. Marcus and colleagues said.
So when we think we are nothing like our parents, how much are we really alike?
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