Children Diagnose with DMDD Show Higher Rates of Anxiety, Depression, and Adverse Health
Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder, or DMDD, during childhood may be linked with long-term impaired functioning worse than the impairment associated with other psychiatric disorders, according to data from a recent population-based study published in The American Journal of Psychiatry.
The researchers assessed the symptoms of DMDD among 1,420 adolescents via interviews conducted up to six times between the age of 10 and 16 years. Young adults were interviewed three times at age 19, 21, and 24 to 26 years for psychiatric and functional outcomes sch as health, risky/illegal behavior, financial/educational functioning and social functioning.
The researchers found a history of childhood DMDD was associated with higher levels of anxiety and depression in young adults. Also, individuals with a history of childhood DMDD had a higher likelihood of meeting criteria for at least one adult psychiatric disorder compared to individuals without psychiatric disorders or those with other psychiatric disorders.
Lastly, negative health outcomes, impoverishment, police contact, and low educational attainment were more likely among those with a history of DMDD compared with participants without a psychiatric disorder, or those with other disorders in childhood or adolescence.
“The long-term prognosis of children with DMDD is one of pervasive impaired functioning that in many cases is worse than that of other childhood psychiatric disorders,” the researchers concluded.